A lecturer of Bowen University, Iwo, Nigeria, has expressly brought to light his subjective concern and worry about the nonchalant attitude, and misplacement of priority of the Buhari-led administration.

Yusuf Larry Ayuba, PhD, in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies says; “No sensible narrative will explain the deployment of 30,000 police personnel to Ekiti State for just a mere Governorship election while caring less for Nigerians being killed around Zamfara, Plateau, Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, among many others.”

He said in his Statement, “I wonder who advises this government that winning election is far more important than securing an ordinary citizen’s life. If you can deploy 10% of Nigerian police force personnel for such election, why not do same to pursue the killers hiding in bushes in these troubled areas? This action doesn’t just add up!”.

You can do well by crediting his view as you like and follow this blog, and your view would be appreciated as you comment in the box below.



Why does Religion exist? This is the puzzle that runs through the minds of many individuals of this age. A possible answer is that it serves many human needs. One of our primary needs is having a means to deal with our mortality. Because we and our loved ones must die, we have to face the pain of death and the inevitable question it brings about whether there is any soul, afterlife, or rebirth. People often look to Religion for the answer. Religion helps us cope with death, and religious rituals can offer us comfort. Human beings also desire good health, a regular supply of food, and the conditions (such as suitable weather) necessary to ensure these things. Before the development of modern science, human beings look to religion to bring about this practical benefits, and they still do. Perhaps the most basic function of religion is to respond to our natural wonder about ourselves and the cosmos. Religion helps us relate to the unknown universe around us by answering the basic questions of “who we are, where we come from, and where we are going”. Little wonder, Carl Gustav Jung, (1875-1961), pointed out that as people age they can make a healthy use of religion to understand their place in the universe and to prepare for death.

At this juncture, I am of the opinion that stands contrary to the widespread view within the study of religion that a real definition of religion should be avoided. A real definition is not necessarily as contentious as it is often assumed that alternatives to the essentialist definitions are less well-founded than they may appear. I therefore wish to opens up with an outline of different definitions of religion and a discussion of common concerns. It goes on to present a starting point for providing a real definition and ends with the suggestion that a real definition would be a valuable tool both academically and practically.

Religion, a very complex terminology has been described as human attempt to feel more secure in a cruel universe. Similarly, another psychologist, William James (1842-1910) came to his ideas on religion via an unusual course of study. Although he began his higher education as a student of art, he made a radical switch to the study of medicine. Finally, when he recognizes the influence of the mind on the body, he was led to the study of psychology and then of religion, which he saw as growing out of psychological needs. James viewed religion as a positive way of fulfilling these needs and praised its positive influence on the lives of the individuals. He wrote that religion brings “a new zest” to living, provides “an assurance of safety”, and leads to a “harmonious relation with the universe”. These views may have been well approved if scholars like Karl Marx have not referred to religion as the “opium of the masses”.

For Hornby, Religion could be either “the belief in the existence of a god or gods and the activities that are connected with the worship of them”, or it could be “one of the systems of faith that are based on the belief in the existence of a particular god or gods”. Obilor, on his side, defined religion as “The whole complexes of attitudes, conviction and institutions through which we express our deep fundamental relationship with reality and not excluding the created order”.

The English anthropologist E.B. Tylor (1832-1917), for example, believed religion was rooted in spirit worship. He noted how frequently religions see “spirits” as having some control over natural forces and how commonly religions see those who die (the ancestors) as passing into the spirit world. Fear of the power of all these spirits, he thought, made it necessary for people to find ways to please their ancestors. Religion offers such ways, thus allowing the living to avoid the spirits’ dangerous power and to convert that power into a force that worked for the good of human beings. Rudolf Otto a German theologian argued in his book, the idea of the Holy that religion emerges when peoples experience that aspect of reality which is essentially mysterious. He called it the “mystery that causes trembling and fascination” (mysterium tremendium et fascinans). In general, we take our existence for granted and live with little wonder, but occasionally something disturbs our ordinary view of reality. For example, a strong manifestation of nature, such as violent thunderstorm, may startle us. Is an aspect of reality that is frightening, forcing us to tremble (tremendum) but also feels fascination (fascinans). The emotional result is what Otto calls numinous awe.

It appears that different authors have each provided us with definitions of religion based on their respective fields of study. Of all of the valid definitions and theories clearly propounded above, one can obviously infer a definition from their area of consensus, which is; Religion as a relevant terminology, is an institution that proffers solutions and give insights to the major needs, concerns and questions of human beings, both in the world here and also in the perceived afterlife.

Carl Jung. Memories, Dreams, Reflections. London: Collins. 1972. 222.

James, William. The Varieties of Religious Experience. New York: Collier. 1962. 377.

Molly, Micheal. Experiencing the World’s Religions. London: Mayfield Publishing Company. 2001. 3.

Otto, Rudolf, The Idea of the Holy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1963). 62.

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Give Up Your Ancestral Lands for Cattle Colonies To Avoid Death, Presidency Warns, Says the killings aren’t Religious.

The Presidency has told those against the administration’s ranching and colony programmes for herdsmen to have a rethink, saying it is better to give up ancestral lands for cattle colonies than to get killed.

It said they are better off living with the ranches and colonies than dying through the persisting conflicts between farmers and herdsmen.

It happens that the Presidency is claiming that the cause of these incessant killings isn’t religious, but the refusal of the great people of Nigeria to give out there heritage to herdsmen. Your take on this will be appreciated if you share it with us in the comment box below.

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The Presidential assistant, Lauretta Onochie has just termed a body representing over a 100 million Christians in Nigeria “CAN of worms”

The Presidential assistant, Lauretta Onochie has just termed a body representing over a 100 million Christians in Nigeria “CAN of worms”
Onochie made this comment on her twitter account where she said “Prime Minister Theresa May, a Christian, is in a mosques doing what doing what humans go to do in a place of worship. She knows that her God is the same one also called Allah. Christian Association of Nigeria, CAN of worms, here’s a great lesson in love and godliness, not hatred and anger”.
A former Minister of Aviation, Femi Fani-Kayode has objectively opinionated that for the Presidential assistant, Lauretta Onochie to have made such assertion, it then affirms that President Muhammuadu Buhari is “anti-Christ”.
In other words, Buhari’s Presidency has referred to CAN, headed by Rev. Dr. Supo Ayokunle as “a CAN of worms”.
Please do good by giving your objective opinion in the comment box below, Thanks.
For more on this, visit: http://www.wetinhappen.com.ng/buhari-is-anti-christ-for-calling-the-body-that-represents-over-100-million-christians-in-our-country-can-of-worms-fani-kayode/

The Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies Bowen University, Iwo, Nigeria, holds an international conference on African Pentecostalism. Objectivity in Religious views!

The of Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Bowen University, Iwo holds an international conference on African Pentecostalism.
A conference planned for scholars of religion and leaders of the Pentecostal movements in Africa and from the West that will explore the dynamics of Pentecostal movements in Africa. The conference further intends to investigate the Pentecostal-Charismatic phenomenon in all its dimensions and against the background of the changing religious landscape in the continent as well as the social-economic and political challenges in the continent since the 1970s.
The conference invites participation from scholars from Africa and therefore, the following topics provide some guidelines for the conference but they do not exclude any other topics on the general theme:
Power, Politics and Pentecostalism
Pentecostalism, Politics of Biology and Homosexuality
Pentecostalism as/and Popular Culture
Pentecostalism, Trans-nationalization, (Global) Migration and Human Trafficking
Mega Churches, Mega Wealth and Mega Poverty in Africa
Leadership and Gender Politics in African Pentecostalism
Theorizing Pentecostal Expansion in Africa
Pentecostalism in Contestation with other Religions and Values
Doctrinal Emphases of Pentecostal Churches within the African Cultural Contexts
Administration and Internal Dynamics of Pentecostal Churches
Pentecostalism and the Media in Africa
Pentecostals and the African Cosmology of Evil
African Pentecostalism and the Re-shaping of Christianity
The conference, we hope, will offer a multidimensional and interdisciplinary understanding of these issues and thereby revitalize the discussion of the place of Pentecostalism in the social and cultural development of Africa.

Conference Details and Organization:
The three-day conference will be held from 24thto 27th June 2018 at the Main Library, Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State. The conference fee is N10,000 (US$100) which includes accommodation of a student hostel on-campus for the duration of the conference and lunch each day of the conference. However, individuals could make their own arrangements in hotels in the town with the assistance of the organizers. An average of cost of US$25.00 per room per day will be adequate. Dinner and breakfast are available and can be booked at N1,000 per meal.
Doctoral students are also invited to attend this conference, and there will be a forum of conversation with selected leaders of Pentecostal churches.
Iwo, Osun State is about 190 km from the Muritala Mohammed Airport, Lagos (about 3 and a half hour drive), or from Ibadan Airport (50 mins drive). There will be airport pick for all international guests at a moderate cost of US $20.00 per trip.
Papers are invited from scholars and others on the above issues. Please send topics and an abstract of 200 words (latest end of May, 2018) to all the following:
Prof. Matthews A. Ojo, Department of Religious Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. matthews_ojo@yahoo.com
Dr. Ezekiel Ajani, Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Bowen University, Iwo, Nigeria. ezekiel.ajani@bowenuniversity.edu.ng.

Come and enjoy objectivity in scholastic views on contemporary Pentecostalism in Africa!